How Blockchain Technology Can be Instrumental in Birth and Marriage Registration?

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Written by
Shivani Tripathi
Published on
November 3, 2022

With the technological advancements in modern times, everything must remain digitalized to make it safe and more dependable.

At present, the birth certificate is the only age proof of a person, and many people use this as a prime document to get a job, get admission to colleges, and also in the creation of identity documents like a Pan Card, Aadhar card, Passport, etc. A marriage certificate is another crucial document that serves as proof of your marriage. 

Document Registration

Nevertheless, the existing method used for birth and marriage certificate registration can be expensive and time-consuming. Overcoming this hassle of time-taking marriage and birth certificate registration is where blockchain technology comes into the picture.

Modern blockchain technology employs several processes, including public/private key cryptography, hash, digital signatures, proof of work, and peer-to-peer networks for seamless birth and marriage certificate registration and identity management. Let's learn how. 

Significance of Blockchain Technology in Identity Management

Blockchain is a technique of documenting data that makes it challenging or unattainable to modify, hack, or trick the device. In simpler terms, a blockchain is an automated ledger of trades reproduced and disseminated across the whole grid of computer networks on the blockchain. 

Each block in the chain comprises numerous trades, and every time a new trade happens on the blockchain, a history of that trade is added to the participant’s account.

This decentralized database driven by numerous participants holds distributed ledger technology (DLT). So, given this seamless security and storage assistance offered by blockchain technology, it is gaining widespread popularity in identity management, especially birth and marriage certificate registration. 

The need for blockchain technology increased after the phrase “invisible children” was introduced to represent kids without valid birth certificates. It implied that they could not travel or attend college and not get a job to lead a fulfilling life.

To overcome this issue, many leading companies are developing blockchain technology solutions to offer seamless birth certification registration. 

This blockchain technology aims to promote identity management through simple QR code scans. Regional governments worldwide and in India have started using blockchain technology for birth certificate registration in their region.

In addition, almost as necessary as birth certificates, the marriage certificate registration procedure is also getting automated by blockchain technology. 

Existing marriage certificates demand a vast amount of paper documentation. The paper-based recording system is time-consuming and remains prone to manual errors and deception.

These problems frequently hinder the marriage certification registration process. However, by automating them via blockchain, the complete process of marriage certificate registration can take place within minutes. 

This is why more and more agencies are now gearing up to use blockchain technology for marriage registration, reducing fraud and providing hassle-free registration.

Storing Birth and Marriage Certificates with Blockchain

Blockchain technology is firm and distributed network technology where all the information has been copied to all the participating customers in a blockchain.

Therefore, if any fraudster wishes to tamper with any birth or marriage record, they must tamper with the information of all the clients whose data got distributed on the blockchain. 

Therefore, the blockchain is deemed one of the safest technology the world has ever seen. In addition, incorporating blockchain to secure birth and marriage certificate registration and records will save an immense amount of paperwork and ensure they are more protected.

Moreover, all the fake birth and marriage certificate scams would shut down, and no more duplicate marriage or birth certificates would be allowed. 

People can also readily share their registered birth and marriage certificates on the blockchain, which they can use for verification pursuits such as Aadhar card verification, passport verification, pan card verification, etc. 

There are numerous methods for safeguarding birth and marriage certificates using cryptography, biometrics, or a combination of both cryptography and biometrics.

Blockchain technology, Inter Planetary File System (IPFS) protocol, and cryptography algorithms assist in securing birth and marriage certificates and sharing them with user authorization from anywhere in the network. 


To sum up, blockchain technology can bring transformations that have been pending for a long time - it can work wonders, whether it be registering birth certificates in nations like India so kids can attend schools and universities or facilitating the onus of death.

Moreover, blockchain will further be beneficial in marriage and will registration by keeping useful estate data safe. Hence, it might not be wrong to say that blockchain technology will play a crucial part in identity management in the coming years. 

In addition to all the advancements blockchain is already drawing to the financial, medical, and banking domains, this cutting-edge technology will further be immensely helpful to the record-keeping and identity management sphere, making the lives of people worldwide much more effortless and content.

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